Calendar Edu is one of the best website to provide printable calendar templates for year, months and week. You can get here monthly, yearly, weekly, academic and country wise calendars and time schedule planners. We provide only high quality and easy to download calendar. make yourself prepare for 2020 and 2021 year with Calendar Edu’s Printable calendar templates.
Since the advent of Agriculture, humans have been tracking time. Calendars have always been a critical part of the development of civilization. they help us know everything from meetings at work, what day is our favorite etc.
The calendar that the world uses now is the Gregorian calendar. It was a small reform of the Julian calendar which was used throughout the Roman Empire and later throughout all of medieval Europe and the Western world has been using the same calendar for at least a thousand years. we hardly even notice it anymore, yet it shapes how we think of time itself.
Calendar Types by Time Duration
There are many kind of printable calendar templates available, we are going to discuss here about calendar categories according to time duration.
1. Weekly Calendars
Weekly calendars are also known as weekly planners. It consists of date and day name of the particular week and place to put notes to make your weekly schedule or time plan. It comes very handy when you have a lot of work in a particular week. You can download or print weekly calendar or planner at Calendar Edu website.
2. Monthly Calendar
Monthly calendar is consists of day and date of a whole month. It is available for all 12 months of a year. Monthly calendars are widely used to see day, dates and holidays for schools and banks. Many people use it and whole month planner, you can point out all the important days of the months on the calendar and affix it in your office area or in your bedroom etc. Calendar Edu provides high quality Monthly printable calendar Templates. You can also get here blank printable calendar templates.
3. Yearly Calendar
Yearly calendar consists of all the 12 month day and date. You can see separate sections for each month i.e. January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November & December. People use yearly calendars to see day, dates and holidays of whole year. Calendar Edu provide best Printable yearly calendars to download and print.
Academic calendar are provided by education institutes their students. It consists of information examination date, seminar dates, event dates and holidays. Students uses these calendars to plan their study and prepare themselves for other extra activities. Calendar Edu provides academic calendar for all major institutes all around the world, specially for IVY league colleges.
Month Wise Calendar By Name
You can find below the information about all months calendar one by one. You will also read about how to download month wise calendar.
History of Calendar
The Calendar is one of the longest continuous projects of humanity. our calendars origin story goes all the way back to the Egyptians, who are the first to adopt the 365 day year and 12-month format. each month in the Egyptian calendar was divided into 30 days. of course the continual frustration of all calendar makers is immediately clear. 365 refuses to divide evenly and with a 30 day month 5 extra days are left over. The Egyptians solved this problem by simply having five extra days at the end of their calendar reserved for festivals.
Unlike the Egyptians the Romans had 12 months of varying amounts of days, the same as we do today, however their calendar still only added up to 355 days and the religious officials in Rome had extreme power over the links of months and years. Pontiff’s would often use the calendar as a political tool, shortening or lengthening politicians terms by literally taking and giving days. This calendar fiddling would mess with people’s ability to keep the days straight and add to the issues already present in the Roman calendar. Not only that but the Romans were really weird in the way they actually discussed dates and day to day life. Anyone who has read Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar knows that Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March but what does that actually mean?
Romans would count their days based on three key dates in every month. the Kalendae, the nones and the Ides. these three dates were used as reference points that were counted forward or backward form, In order to represent specific days. The Ides would have middle of each month and either occurred on the 15th or the 13th depending on the month. the nones were on the fifth or the seventh of each month. Kalendae day was on the first day of the month and that is where we get the word calendar from.
unfortunately the solar year isn’t actually 365 days long. It’s 365.2422 days long, this horrible number practically necessitated reform, something which the Egyptians realized pretty quickly.
Considering Ptolemy the 3rd was already recommending adding leap day every four years in 238 BC but Egyptians are nothing if not stubborn, Egypt still hadn’t adopted the leap year until Julius Caesar’s adopted son Octavian. You may know him as Augustus, he just conquered Egypt and forced them to have a leap day in every four years. strangely enough though, the reform that Julius Caesar made actually came from Egypt not Rome in 48 BC, a Sicilian named Apollodorus entered Julius Caesar’s apartment in the mid of night with a rolled-up blanket on his back. Once unfurled, inside was a 21 year old girl, who would incidentally changed the calendar forever. her name was Cleopatra, she had recently been ousted from her throne by her brother and a coup and was coming to ask for Caesars help in restoring her to power. needless to say Caesar was quickly seduced by her beauty and he agreed to help. he ordered her brother Ptolemy the 13th to Co rule with Cleopatra and in celebration, Cleopatra threw a huge party. according to the Roman poet Lucan Caesar. first heard of the Egyptians solar calendar from a scholar at this party and this inspired him to reform the Roman calendar. once he returned home in 46 BC, Julius Caesar gathered the best living philosophers and mathematicians in order to reform the Roman lunar calendar and to an egyptian-style solar calendar. ultimately they ended up just agreeing with Ptolemy the third and determined that the year should be 365 days long and every four years an extra day should be added.
Pope Gregory the 13th decided to change the calendar yet again a few things have to be understood about calendar systems in general and about determining the date of Easter in particular.
Calendar Working Systems
First let’s talk a bit about calendar systems. There are three major kinds of calendars. solar calendars, lunar calendars and lunisolar calendars. our calendar ultimately is a solar calendar that grew out of a lunar one. strangely enough that is why we even have months which at one point would have followed the cycles of the moon and even still in the Catholic Church there is a lunar calendar built into the Gregorian calendar but it only really exists to determine the date of Easter. the way Easter’s date is determined is very complicated and the date will differ depending on whether you live in the Western or Eastern world. to simplify the date of Easter had drifted by over a week in Pope Gregory the 13th time and soon it would move out of spring and into summer. This really annoyed the Pope and revealed the small inaccuracy present in the Julian calendar in terms of lunar calendars though the one used to decide the date of Easter.
the calendar is a philosophical and cultural invention, it won’t tell you what year, month, week or day it is. it doesn’t tell you today is May 3rd, instead it just shows you when May 3rd is, unless you’re using Google Calendar which let’s be honest you all are.
so even though it may have seemed insane to the Roman people or to Catholic countries in the late 1500s. calendars can be changed and Pope Gregory the 13th did just that, he gathered a group of genius scientists and doctors to try and create the most accurate calendar possible. eventually, they found a relatively elegant solution. every year divisible by 4 should be a leap year unless the year is also divisible by 100 then it is not a leap year however if that year is divisible by 400 then ignore this and it’s still a leap year. This reform would mean that instead of drifting by 11 minutes each year the calendar would drift by only 26 seconds in order to fix the current date though of course just like in Caesar’s time people would have to suffer with a day change so in every Catholic country. the day after October 4th 1582 was October 15th not October 5th and also just like in Rome a millennia and a half earlier people did not like this. everything from debt deadlines to holidays to birthdays were changed even the Pope’s birthday changed from January 1st to January 11th.
Mobs arose around Europe, angry about their 10 lost days and many countries did not adapt to this new calendar quickly. England wouldn’t use the Gregorian calendar until 1752 and Greece was the last European country to hold out, finally adopting it in 1923. China didn’t adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1949, in a strange twist of fate though the last major challenge that the calendar would face would not be because it wasn’t accurate enough, but because it was too accurate.
Today the year is determined in the same way that the second is using an atom of caesium. all atoms have oscillations that can be accurately measured and are consistent and caesium happens to have a very regular pattern of wobbles. by using a cesium atom we have been able to define the year down to the nanosecond. unfortunately, the earth refuses to cooperate with our calendars and timekeepers, every eight hundred days the earth slows its rotation by a full second and because of that a leap second is added every few years in order to try to match the length of the day.
Today, there is a master clock in the US Naval Observatory that brings together data from 50 atomic clocks and feeds into a system that measures time around the world. We’ve tried to make an accurate tool for measuring time that works on every single level but we are far from capable of doing it. there are just too many variables at play, there are many different ways of defining the year. from the side aerial to the tropical year and the Earth’s slowing rotation certainly doesn’t help when it comes to defining it based on equinoxes to our modern years, it may seem frightening but our year will likely always be inaccurate. chances are millennia from now, people will be suffering from a few skipped days or a change in the date of their birth but the fact remains that the earth, the Sun and the moon don’t notice or care. the Sun will still rise and the earth will still orbit it. the calendar has an enormous impact on our daily lives and it’s easy to just take for granted the day or the year next time you look at a calendar or check the date on your phone, remember that you are looking at a calendar created by the early Egyptians, reformed by Julius Caesar himself and that grew naturally out of multiple cultures and times.
Types of Calendar
The most important solar calendar that become across is the Gregorian calendar the most important lunar calendar that we are familiar with is the hijri calendar and the most important lunisolar calendar is the shaaka calendar or the indian national calendar now.
A Solar year is when we talk about the earth being rotating outside or basically earth revolving around the Sun. So when the earth revolves around the Sun we have two halves that are understood. the uttarayan and the dakshinayan, the uttarayan is the rising phase and dakshinayan is the declining phase and one solar year is interestingly equal to one day and one night.
When we talk about a lunar year, It is a year being divided into the lunar months which are also known as twelve lunations so we have the synodic year or lunations which is another word used for the solar months and this solar month usually consists of 29.2 to 29.8 days. So it’s smaller than the Gregorian month. Now when it’s smaller than the Gregorian month what would happen is, you would have each day which would be accumulated from each of the months and every two-and-a-half years we would have an extra month that would be there and this extra month is what is known as the adhikmas. so adhikmas comes from the lunar calendar that we try to understand, which is of lesser number of days, so each month which is around 29 days approximately so we have one or two days that remain in every month. So every two-and-a-half years that’s every third and fifth year we have adhikmas that is there, which is accumulation of these days added up towards the end.
A lunisolar Calendar year is where you consider a year on the cycle of solar calendars however when you consider months on a lunar basis. so when you have a year on a solar basis and months on the lunar basis we have the lunisolar calendar.
A lunisolar calendar is basically the adjustment of days and months which takes place during this time. Now interestingly under the solar month we have the twelve constellations or the twelve rashis which become the twelve months and these are the twelve zodiac signs as well. The hindi version of a lunar day is what is known as Tithi. However the solar day is what is known as Devas. this Thithi is smaller than the Devas. The Dewas is 24 hours however the Thithi is 23 hours and 37 minutes. So tithi is smaller than dewas that means the lunar day is smaller than the solar day.
Hijri calendar/ Islamic Calendar
Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar started with night 1622 ad and that was considered as a zero here. We have 12 months that are given under a hijri calendar. The first month is known as the Muharram, where any kind of travel or businesses is prohibited. the ninth month which is known as Ramzan which is the month of fasting and purification and each of the months having their own importance. one of the month is known as suffer itself the second month where you consider it most auspicious for travel business and any other purpose. This Hijri calendar again had 354 days that were there and this was given by prophet mohammed.
The Islamic calendar is the last vestiges of lunar calendars in our society. To explain lunar calendars in short, they are organized into twelve months where each month starts with the new moon and the length of the month will be either 29 or 30 days long. The year just like the old Roman calendar adds up to either 354 or 355 days of course this causes huge drifts in terms of seasons from year to year and is why Muslims observe Ramadan a month-long period of fasting. At different times of the Gregorian year depending on how it lines up with the Islamic lunar calendar though the calendar is based on scientific phenomena like the cycles of the Sun and the moon, it is important to remember that the calendar is not natural at its core of a calendar is a philosophical and cultural Invention.
Gregorian Calendar/ Christian Calendar
The Gregorian calendar or Christian Calendar is the solar calendar which has 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds and this was done on the birthday of Lord Christ and it is one of the most scientific calendars that is considered. the first day of this year starts with 1st of January so with every 1st of January you have a new Gregorian calendar that begins.
Zoroastrian calendar interestingly has two new years. one new year comes on the 21st March and that is known as the Jamshedi Navroz and the other is known as Kadmi which comes on the 31st of August. so two new years that are considered under the Zoroastrian calendar.
Hebrew Calendar/ Jewish Calendar
The Jewish month begins with a thin Crescent the moon grows until it is full, wanes until it could not be seen and eventually reappears. This cycle takes approximately 29 and a half days. since a month needs to consist of complete days, a month and the Jewish calendar is sometimes 29 days and sometimes 30 days. The solar orbit consists of 365 and a quarter days. The difference between 12 lunar months in the solar year is almost 11 days, the Torah however states that Passover must be in springtime if no adjustment were made, Passover would occur 11 days earlier each year. eventually drifting into winter then fall summer and spring again.
The Jewish calendar thus presents two challenges, who determines whether a month is 29 or 30 days? how can the lunar and solar cycles be coordinated and balanced? in biblical and miss Nyak times the Sanhedrin was responsible for determining the months and years on the 30th day of every month they would cross-examine witnesses who claimed to have seen the new moon. if the witnesses accounts were corroborated that day would be declared the first of the month. the previous month was now retroactively determined to have had only 29 days. if no testimony were accepted the Sanhedrin would declare the following day the first of the new month.
In order to balance the solar and lunar cycles, the Sanhedrin periodically inserted an extra month into a year creating a Shana Lulu Barrett or pregnant year more commonly known as a leap year. This was the situation until the middle of the 4th century at which time the Romans forcibly disbanded the Sanhedrin. hillo the second the last leader of the Sanhedrin and a descendant of Rabia hood Hennessey anticipated this, therefore before the Sanhedrin was disbanded they established a fixed calendar for posterity.
The Sanhedrin declared and established all future new months and leap years granting the fixed calendar the same validity as the original system. to this day Jews throughout the world use this. sophisticated structure created by Rabbi Hillel. throughout the centuries the calendar has been one of the backbones of Jewish unity as it is ensured that Jews the world-over celebrate and observe the Jewish holidays on the very same day.
Google Calendar is part of the Google Apps suite of Applications. The Google Apps suite includes gmail, calendar, Doc’s, sites, videos, groups and even more.
Do you want to know about google calendar? Google calendar is the scheduling application. With Google Calendar you can easily create events, manage your resources and time. it’s easy to share your schedule with coworkers, family and friends. You can even give them access to make changes to your events. your calendar is available when you’re on the road. You can access your calendar through your mobile phone. you can even receive SMS notifications. using calendar popup email and desktop reminders you’ll never forget about your events. calendar is integrated with gmail so you receive your calendar invitations and can respond to those invitations through gmail. google calendar is easy to use in a nice complement to the rest of the Google applications.
Outlook Calendar/ Office 365 Calendar
There are two main ways in which you can access your Outlook calendar. The first way is to go to the start menu and to type the word outlook into the search box. when the Microsoft outlook icon appears double click on it to launch the outlook client.
If however you are working from off campus and need to check your calendar, you can do so using outlook web access. one way to bring up the outlook web access login screen is by typing in office.live.com/start/calendar.aspx and this will bring up the login screen where you can fill in your username and your password. if you wish to share your calendar with other colleagues. you can do this by selecting the calendar tab double check that the home tab is selected along the top menu bar and find the button which says share calendar, click on this option and a sharing invitation will appear. select the recipient of your sharing invitation by clicking to and search for the person’s name in the global address list, once their name is highlighted click on to and then ok if you wish to be able to view your colleagues calendar.
To set up a meeting double-click on the date and time at which you wish your meeting to take place. this will bring up the appointment window to invite others to this meeting. click on the invite attendees button and using the global address list, type in the names of the colleagues you wish to invite, once their name is highlighted click on the required button and repeat this process for the number of colleagues you wish to invite. once your colleagues are listed in the required box, click OK. in order to ensure that the meeting you’re setting up doesn’t clash with your colleagues calendar items. you can double-click on the scheduling assistant button. this
will enable you to view your colleagues availability and to adjust your meeting time as appropriate. once you’re happy that you find a suitable time and date click on the appointment button. write a message if you wish and click send, the scheduled meeting will then appear in your calendar.
Apple Calendar/ iCloud Calendar
Do you want to know about Apple calendar?, We are going to discuss the basics of how to use and manage the Apple calendar. In any apple device, we will first start with the layout of The calendar application. we have 4 calendars on the top of the year, month, week and day. then on the top left we have the year and if you want to go to the present day, you can press the today tab on the bottom left of the screen and it brings you to the current day. then we have the calendars tab on the middle of the screen towards the bottom, you can click and view all your calendars and add calendars which we will show you how to do later. then we have the inbox just, receive calendars from friends, family and coworkers and the ones you’ve replied to. Then we have the Search tab and the add events button and those can help you find events that you’ve had on your schedule and add new ones to the tutorial.